Pig farming: Nagaland generating Rs 30 cr annually

Nagaland has about 60 registered piggeries generating Rs 30 crore approximately in revenue annually. This was stated by Nagaland Piggery Farmers’ Association (NPFA) president Rev. N Subong Aier.
Asserting that livestock played a critical role in rural livelihood and economic development, he told Nagaland Post that pigs were reared by about 70% of the State’s population.
He claimed that pig, in comparison with other livestock, had a great potential in ensuring faster economic returns to farmers due certain inherent traits like high fecundity, better-feed conversion efficiency, early maturity and short generation interval.
Subong said pig farming also required small investment on buildings and equipment, and hence had immense potential to ensure nutritional and economic security to the society.
He disclosed that, as per the NPFA assessment, the piggeries generated Rs 30 crore in revenue annually and that local breed was usually sold for functions and other big occasions.
Asked about the reason for unavailability of local breed pork in the market, he revealed that suppliers and local butchers did not buy from the local farmers as the price for the local breed was higher compared to imported pigs.
“Butchers and suppliers do not buy from the local farmers because there is not much profit compared with that of imported pigs. But the quality of local breed is better,” Subong pointed out.
He mentioned that the association had already tied up with North East Council (NEC) through the Department of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary to implement traditional piggeries covering 34 villagers, which would generate Rs 10 crore.
Meanwhile, expressing concern over the 500 families who had been adversely affected by the recent ban on pig transport, Subong mentioned that this had both negative and positive impacts. He said more than a thousand local pig farmers had been benefitted as they were able to sell their local breed pig in the market, although the price was higher than the imported pork.
Subong clarified that there had been no price escalation for local pork to date as it was still sold for Rs 280 a kilo.
Explaining the reason for the higher rate of local pork in the market, he pointed out that in comparison to imported pork, the local variety had less meat content. He admitted that local pork was expensive and attributed this to higher price of feeds as the State did not produce these, for which maize and other such feeds were mostly imported from outside.
He mentioned that time and again the association had been conducting training and seminars for the general public and exhorted young entrepreneurs to focus on piggery that had huge potential for local economy.

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